The core of Islamic theology is the belief that there is only one God, also called Allah in Arabic. Visualizations of God are not expected but Muslims must worship God as the Protector, which is the purpose of life. Muslims do not believe that Jesus was the son of God and do not agree with other facets of Christianity. Muslims have six main beliefs with Allah as the most important one.
Belief in Angels
Muslims believe that angels are messengers who do not have free will. It is their duty to communicate revelations from God, glorify God, record the actions of every Muslim person and take an individual's soul at the time of his death.
Books of Islam
The holy books of Islam are records of Gods words meant for his prophets. The Qu'ran is the last holy book and is believed to be the literal word of God. The Archangel Gabriel is believed to have revealed the word of God to Muhammad. The foundation of the Qu'ran is centered on moral guidance, or the principles and values that Muslims must follow.
The prophets of Islam are those people who have been chosen by God to be His messengers. Although human, some prophets have been believed to have performed miracles. The main duty of prophets has been to preach the message of Islam, which is submission to God. The last prophet is believed to be Muhammad.
Muslims believe in the Day of Resurrection and Judgment. Sins are described in the Qu'ran, including disbelief and dishonesty. Those who commit these sins are condemned to hell. Paradise is central to this belief in that it is a joyful place with several pleasures to be enjoyed.
Muslims believe that God has total control over everything and that he has created a destiny for every individual. Everything that takes places in the world has been preordained. Man has the free will to choose between right or wrong and is subject to its consequences, but nothing will get in the way of what is preordained.
The Sharia is set of rules that guide Muslim life. It combines concepts taken from the Qur'an, the Hadith (teachings of Muhammad) and fatwas (ideas of Islamic scholars). Some of the concepts in the Sharia refer to severe punishments like stoning to death. Therefore, some other religions often view the Sharia as being primitive. Muslims, however, regard the Sharia as a source of guidance. In Islam, meat can only be eaten if the animal is killed in a certain way, since all animals are created by Allah. Muslims believe that Allah decides life, and so they oppose euthanasia and suicide. Islam accepts the concept of jihad or holy way.